As the coronavirus continues to evolve and become even more virulent, there are many unanswered questions as there has been no proper clinical or scientific studies that have been conducted on it yet with regards to its properties etc as the 2019-nCoV coronavirus only made its maiden debut in December 2019.
There are questions about how exactly long a virus such as the coronavirus, may survive outside a bunch ie on surfaces.
The influenza virus may survive anything between 5 hours up to seven days on another surface based on the environment temperature and humidity whereas noroviruses that typically attack the gastrointestinal tract, may survive up to a month on surfaces even in hot and dry conditions and can withstand most disinfectants.
Typically most respiratory viruses such as the coronavirus favour a cooler temperature.
There's been no studies done so far on the brand new coronavirus or even on the SARS virus, its ?close cousin? in relation to how long it could survive outside on surfaces.
It is wrong to assume that the coronavirus can only remain active for a couple hours on surface as suggested by one health organization via its online site, that is claiming it?s the leading source of info on the coronavirus when there is no scientific proof of that. Should anyone get infected as a result of conditions unlike their advice, they should not hesitate to sue that organization in court for disseminating information that's not yet ascertained scientifically thus causing harm.
Viruses typically aren't really living organisms by itself. They are complex bio-molecules that need a full time income cell to be active.
In order to be safe, as we still do not really know how long these coronavirus may survive on surfaces, its better to disinfect areas that have lots of contact with people whether they are showing signs of having been infected or not.
One way to do that is by deploying ozone gas.
Ozone gas has been proven to kill the SARS coronavirus and since the structure of the brand new 2019-nCoV coronavirus is nearly identical to that of the SARS coronavirus, it really is relatively safe to state that it will also work on the brand new coronavirus though it must be noted that there is no studies to date except one which is current ongoing n China at the Institute of Virology In Hubei in relation to this. Progress of that study has shown that it works and the analysis should be concluded by the finish of this week and officially published in the journal Virology.
There are a lot more than 17 scientific studies that show Ozone gas is able to destroy the SARS coronavirus.
Ozone is a naturally occurring gas produced from oxygen atoms. The oxygen molecule is made up of 2 oxygen atoms. These oxygen molecules are broken into atoms by the corona discharge during lightning storms or by UV light from sunlight. Single oxygen atoms cannot exist alone without regrouping back to di-atomic oxygen molecules. During this recombination stage some atoms will regroup into loosely bonded tri-atomic oxygen. This new molecule is named Ozone or O3.
Ozone generators can easily make ozone from normal air and are normally used as room disinfectants.
The antipathogenic ramifications of ozone have already been substantiated for a number of decades. Its killing action upon bacteria, viruses, fungi, and in lots of species of protozoa, serve as the foundation for its increasing usage in disinfecting municipal drinking water supplies in cities worldwide.
Typically, viruses are small, independent particles, built of crystals and macromolecules. Unlike bacteria, they multiply only within the host cell. Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat into the nucleic acid core, resulting in damage of the viral RNA. At higher concentrations, ozone destroys the capsid or exterior protein shell by oxidation.
Numerous groups of viruses including poliovirus I and 2, human rotavruses, Norwalk virus, Parvoviruses, and Hepatitis A, B and non-A non-B are among many others that are vunerable to the virucidal actions of ozone.
Most research efforts on ozone's virucidal effects feature centered upon ozone's propensity to break apart lipid molecules at sites of multiple bond configuration. Indeed, after the lipid envelope of the virus is certainly fragmented, its DNA or RNA core cannot survive.
Non-enveloped viruses (Adenoviridae, Picornaviridae, namely poliovirus, Coxsachie, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Hepatitis A and E, and Reoviridae (Rotavirus), have also begun to be studied. Viruses that do not have an envelope are called "naked viruses." They are constituted of a nucleic acid core (manufactured from DNA or RNA) and a nucleic acid coat, or capsid, manufactured from protein. Ozone, however, aside from its well-recognized action upon unsaturated lipids, can also connect to certain proteins and their constituents, namely amino acids. Indeed, when ozone touches capsid proteins, protein hydroxides and protein hydroxides and protein hydroperoxides are formed. Viruses have no protections against oxidative stress.
The enveloped viruses are usually more sensitive to physico-chemical challenges than are naked virions. Although ozone's effects upon unsaturated lipids is certainly among its best documented biochemical action, ozone may connect to proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.
The new coronavirus can be an enveloped virus.
There are plenty of types of Ozone generators out there from huge machines that costs a couple of thousand US Dollars to simple ones that are being sold online from shoppe, lazada etc for as low asThai Baht 350. or around US$10. These are normally used to wash vegetables etc but can also be used to disinfect small room of sizes about 25 to 30 sqm.There are also many shops and online shops in Thailand selling these ozone generators.
A portable ozone generator that are being sold online
Typically ozone generators should only be used by trained personnel as ozone is dangerous to humans. It could destroy your cells lining the mouth area, nasal pathways and your lungs. It has the ability to cause cell mutations and cause cancer. And for all those with othe underlying disease, brief contact with it could be dangerous.
With all the small ozone generators for small room disinfection, make sure you have a timer rather than be in the room when the machine is on. The device should be operated with windows closed and no living thing in the room including pets for about 10 to quarter-hour. (these small machines feature a lesser ozone volume output, hence a longer period is preferred.) Usually do not go into the room for at last 3 hours and upon entering, wear a mask and open all windows and air the area for about quarter-hour 1st before stepping back in.
(PS: OZONE ISN'T TO BE USED TO TREAT ANY DISEASE OR BE CONSUMED OR INHALED IN ANY WAY AS IT IT REALLY IS DANGEROUS, IT REALLY IS ONLY USED TO DISINFECT AREAS)
For more updates about the China coronavirus epidemic or the Thailand Coronavirus scenario, keep on checking at: https://www.thailandmedical.news/articles/coronavirus
G?rard V. Sunnen, SARS and Ozone Therapy: Theoretical Considerations, http://www.triroc.com/sunnen/topics/sars.html (2003)
Ozone therapy: A clinical review
A. M. Elvis and J. S. Ekta
J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2011 Jan-Jun; 2(1): 66-70.
SARS: CLEARING THE AIR
Jerome J. Schentag, Pharm. D., Charles Akers, Ph.D., Pamela Campagna, and Paul Chirayath.
Development of a Practical Way for Using Ozone Gas as a Virus Decontaminating Agent
James B. Hudson ,Manju Sharma &Selvarani Vimalanathan